In the Japanese language word Karate means empty hand and as our martial art is practiced with empty hands, received that name.
The Karate is a martial art peculiar and native of the island Okinawa (Japan). At present the Japanese Karate has spread throughout the world acquiring a reputation extraordinary; refined and systematized as Karatedo (Road empty-handed) is always a gradual process of development. While more is not summarily, it is important to know the basic stages in the evolution of our discipline.
The first stage is called the “era of unification of the three mountains or kingdoms,” and begins in the year 1429 (DC) thanks to the founder of the first Sho dynasty, King Sho Jatsu – Shi.
At that time, Okinawa was divided into three realms: the Tyuzan (Central Mountain), the Nanzan (southern mountains), and Jokuzan (northern mountain).
As the kingdoms been at odds with one another, living permanently engaged in military conflicts. Until King Sho Jatsu Shi of the central mountain (kingdom of Tyuzan) underwent other monarchs and their respective subjects and thus became the sole ruler of the entire region. At that time the kingdom pursued a policy of strict prohibition of martial art.
The martial art of empty-handed, we have seen, was itself Okinawa and there was the martial art called hand.
But the prohibition of King Sho Jatsu – Shi, Veda possession and use of weapons to the inhabitants of the three kingdoms unified under their power, also affected the martial art, whose practice was prevented from done, at least publicly.
However, residents are islanders managed to secretly continue practicing their ancient martial art, hand, which met with the care of the case in different areas. As a result of these illegal practices carried out in different parts of an almost natural emerged schools differentiated by the name of the place or area in which they were made to such transgressions real ordinances. Thus arose the first schools with their corresponding NAME: Hand Shuri, Hand Naja, Tomari Style, Style Azat, and so on.
The second stage starts in the year 1477 (DC), under the second Sho dynasty, the third king Sho Shin energetically executed a policy of centralization of power that banned use swords to nationals, including custodians of most feudal lords, who were also disarmed.
The third stage is crucial data incorporating Shimazu (fief of the great mainland of Japan) to the Ryukyu Islands (one of which was Okinawa) in the year 1609 (AD). Since then the restriction on weapons became even more drastic and possession of any weapons, and of course its use, was absolutely forbidden for subjects who had no explicit authorization for detente. In other words, this was a policy of forcible disarmament and strict, a policy of comprehensive arms embargo.
That policy forced the islanders to resort to the method of empty-handed to defend their lives and protect their own interests and the excesses of tyranny and despotism. As there is no alternative to self-defence people had no choice but to resort to Hand Okinawa, but enriched the practice or method of fighting with boxing or martial art of Chinese empty-handed, which was made possible thanks to exchange between the Japanese islands and the territory of mainland China.
Then Hand Okinawa Okinawa or you went through a process of relative sophistication which gave rise to Karate, under the name of the Japanese martial art of empty-handed. However, as was intense trade between China and Okinawa, everything about the links to that country was named Kara thing, why was also considered coming or originating from China to Karate.
Later to give the name karate the meaning of the empty hand, the letters were changed from the floor (and therefore the latter), but always acting karate, since each letter china or Japanese can work both as a multiple meanings. It is because of this that the script with former Karate meant hand of China (Karen O to = China, Te = hand).
To Karen O was the name of the reigning dynasty in China to at the time, due to which the same was called To China or Kara.
More contemporarily, in 1916, teachers illustrious native Okinawa (including Gichin Funakoshi, Chokier Motobu, Chotiku Kiyabu, Kenwa Mabuni and Chozyun Miyagi) made the presentation of Karte in the territory’s main Japanese Empire. Therefore, in 1933, this form of modern Karate became known as Karate Do (Way of empty-handed), and was first incorporated as one of the disciplines in the martial art association of Martial Arts of Greater Japan.
In 1940, teachers Chozyun Miyagi, Ryosuke Konishi and Kiyotada Sannosuke Ueshima is convirtieronen the first to officially receive their diplomas teachers Karate Do granted by the Great Empire of Japan, and as such exercise.